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Ferocactus alamosanus

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Ferocactus alamosanus ssp. reppenhagenii

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Ferocactus chrysacanthus

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Ferocactus chrysacanthus ssp. grandiflorus

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Ferocactus cylindraceus

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Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. eastwoodiae

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Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. lecontei

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Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. tortulispinus

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Ferocactus diguetii

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Ferocactus echidne

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Ferocactus emoryi

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Ferocactus emoryi ssp. rectispinus

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Ferocactus flavovirens

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Ferocactus fordii

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Ferocactus fordii ssp. borealis

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Ferocactus glaucescens

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Ferocactus gracilis

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Ferocactus gracilis ssp. coloratus

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Ferocactus gracilis ssp. gatesii

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Ferocactus haematacanthus

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Ferocactus hamatacanthus

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Ferocactus hamatacanthus ssp. sinuatus

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Ferocactus histrix

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Ferocactus johnstonianus

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Ferocactus latispinus

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Ferocactus lindsayi

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Ferocactus macrodiscus

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Ferocactus macrodiscus ssp. septentrionalis

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Ferocactus peninsulae

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Ferocactus peninsulae ssp. santa-maria

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Ferocactus peninsulae ssp. townsendianus

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Ferocactus pilosus

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Ferocactus pottsii

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Ferocactus recurvus

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Ferocactus recurvus ssp. greenwoodii

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Ferocactus robustus

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Ferocactus schwarzii

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Ferocactus viridescens

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Ferocactus viridescens ssp. littoralis

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Ferocactus wislizeni

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Ferocactus wislizeni ssp. herrerae

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Ferocactus wislizeni ssp. tiburonensis

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Hybrid (Ferocactus ibridi)

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Copyright© 2013 Ferokat.net - All Rights Reserved - Francesco Soldi

My seedings

26/03/2015

The germinator

This page has been created with the intent to encourage the cultivation of this wonderful gender, because in my experience is the best thus the most satisfactory and economical way to get seedlings that will surely better adapt immediately to the environment where they born to become as a consequence healthier and more robust plants than the purchased ones, moreover, by wreaking you have the possibility to choose the most beautiful and promising plants which sometimes belong to species difficult to find on the market.
By starting this chapter I show my homebuilt germinator years ago, a little bit "old" but still perfectly functional. It has been assembled with wooden planks about 1.5 cm. thick, 95 cm long, 40 cm. wide. and 40 cm high. It is provided with a lid which is always made of wood and it is not hinged to the structure thus it can be easily opened in case of need. The inside has been lined with aluminum foil (type Domopak) and glued with PVA glue to the wood thus increasing the reflected light.
Under the lid are hosted 4 neon 92 cm long, they are 2-D Philips TL 30W / 865 and 2 sylvania gro- lux 30W that are inserted into the 8-pin socket secured with screws at a distance of 92 cm. the one opposite to the other under the lid.
In order to enable their working 4 electronic ballasts (osram quicktronic-intelligent) positioned outside of the propagator, over the lid. The neon can be switched on or off by means of a clock (timer) which is in the protection switchboard, over the lid. On the bottom of the propagator is placed a heating cable 50w / 220v, (the one in use for aquariums in total isolation) to ensure the achievement of the desired maximum temperature and also to be able to maintain the required minimum temperature (when the neon lights are off) , the heater can be switched on or off thanks to a thermostat with batteries placed inside the propagator.
Furthermore, to allow a good circulation of air and to control the maximum temperature (during the lights on), I performed a circular hole with a 80 mm-diameter at the top of the propagator (about 20 cm. over the ground), on which I have mounted a 12v-fan (normally used to cool the PC), which works by sucking and on the other side I make 4 holes with a 2 cm-diameter at ground level equally distant from each other. A second thermostat allows to switch on or to switch off the batteries which are always inside the germinator. The little 12v-fan needs a transformer to reduce the voltage from 220v to 12v and for this purpose I opted for a power supply b ticino 672 (normally used for intercommunication systems). Moreover I installed a 2x6A-circuit breaker for all the electrical system in the switchboard on the cover for safety, in case of short circuits. For sowings the germinator will contains a rectangular plastic saucer with inside 12 rectangular plastic vessels.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

17/02/2014

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Germinator

Propagator with open lid (front view).


Photos and plants by Ferokat

28/04/2015

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Germinator

Propagator open lid (side view).


Photos and plants by Ferokat

17/02/2014

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Germinator

View of the inside of the lid with 4 neons 30W.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

17/02/2014

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Germinator

View of the outside of the lid, you can see the four electronic ballasts, the switchboard containing the circuit breaker 2X6A, ducts in plastic to protect the wires and also the extension cable in order to take current from any outlet.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

17/02/2014

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Germinator

View of the lateral part of the propagator, you may notice the little 12v fan, the 672 power supply necessary for making it works and lower you see the plastic junction box size cm.8x8 containing all electrical connections.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

28/04/2015

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Germinator

Detail of the heating cable on the bottom of the propagator, along the entire border.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

12/02/2014

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Germinator

One of the two thermostats placed inside the propagator.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

28/04/2015

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Germinator

Detail of the protection switchboard on the lid containing the clock (timer) for time control of lights and the safety switch.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

12/02/2014

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Germinator

Detail of an electronic ballast to make lighting a neon.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

12/02/2014

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Germinator

Detail of the fan that sucks air from the propagator.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

12/02/2014

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Germinator

Digital thermometer with probe, to check the temperature inside the propagator without to open it.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

8/03/2014

All elements concerning seedings

I state that it is possible to sow even without having a propagator with artificial light and heat, this last solution allows a total control of brightness and heat and their use all around the clock.
On the contrary by adopting the method of sowing with heat and natural light you can are unable to handle these parameters avoiding possible problems caused by bad weather or prolonged low temperatures. It follows that by adopting the solution of the propagator it is possible not only to sow in every season but also to achieve better results, both for the number of germinated plants and for their more rapid and regular growth.

Now starting with a list in details of all elements that I consider necessary for seedings of Ferocactus at its best. (Here with related photographs).


Photos and plants by Ferokat

22/02/2014

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Photo n. 1

Plastic saucer.
Normally used for the plastic planters its dimensions are: 90 cm. long, 36 cm. wide and 8 cm. in high, it will be positioned on the bottom of the propagator and will be able to contain the 12 sowing pots.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

8/03/2014

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Photo n. 2

Rectangular plastic vase.
Its dimensions are: 20 cm .long, 11 cm. wide and 10 cm. high. Its function is to contain the compost for sowing with their seeds.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

22/02/2014

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Photo n. 3 and 4

Little arch made of galvanized iron wire bent at U. Its utility is to keep well lifted the bag from seedlings. They use 2 for each vessel, and are as wide as it is driven into the inverted U composed.

Little plastic strip to divide. It works to split the vessel in 4 spaces used for sowing, it is as long as the width of the vessel and is 1 cm high. about. 3 are used for each pot.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

22/02/2014

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Photo n. 5

Bag in clear cellophane.
Of those in use for the preservation of foods, 40 cm. long and 29 cm. wide, its function is to contain and seal tightly the pot for sowings.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

8/03/2014

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Photo n. 6

Zeolite. Mineral of volcanic origin which thanks to many beneficial properties, is particularly useful for sowings and which I used in 2 different particle sizes, 13 mm. and 35 mm. Usually one can buy it at nurseries specialized in succulents or by means of internet.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

22/02/2014

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Photo n. 7

Zeolite. Mineral of volcanic origin which thanks to many beneficial properties, is particularly useful for sowings and which I used in 2 different particle sizes, 13 mm. and 35 mm. Usually one can buy it at nurseries specialized in succulents or by means of internet.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

22/02/2014

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Photo n. 8

Soil universal.
Essentially composed of peat and organic soil, it should be sieved to remove large pieces or fibrosis.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

22/02/2014

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Photo n. 9

Quartz white.
Grain size of 12 mm, used as a cover on the final compost. One can buy it at shops with components for aquariums.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

22/02/2014

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Photo n. 10

Sieve.
It is necessary to split in different granulometry forming part of the composed elements and also to eliminate the dusty part in them. Those I have used two, one with slotted from 3 mm. and the other with a mesh of 1 mm.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

22/02/2014

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Photo n. 11

Sieve.
It is necessary to split in different granulometry forming part of the composed elements and also to eliminate the dusty part in them. Those I have used two, one with slotted from 3 mm. and the other with a mesh of 1 mm.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

22/02/2014

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Photo n. 12

Fungicide.
I personally use the Previcur energy that has as active Propamocarb and fosetylal it is essential to prevent the widespread deaths of seedlings and protect small seedlings from rot of the collar, it is also able to stimulate the natural defenses of plants.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

22/02/2014

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Photo n. 13

Demineralized water.
It make it possible germination and faster development of seedlings in the early stages of growth.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

22/02/2014

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Photo n. 14

Colander.
To contain the seeds during their cleaning in water and bleach and later for washing and drain.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

22/02/2014

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Photo n. 16

Seeds.
Their size and shape may vary from species to species, are usually round or oval and elongated, black or dark brown their sizes vary from 1 mm. a little less than 3 mm.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

9/05/2015

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Seeding step by step

Rinse seeds


Photos and plants by Ferokat

7/03/2014

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Seeding step by step

Drying of seeds


Photos and plants by Ferokat

9/03/2014

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Seeding step by step

Code assigned to a species to remember its position in the pot planting.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

7/03/2014

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Seeding step by step

Pots ready for sowing


Photos and plants by Ferokat

9/03/2014

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Seeding step by step

Seeds with codes assigned ready for sowing.


Photos and plants by Ferokat

7/03/2014

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Seeding step by step

The real sowing


Photos and plants by Ferokat

7/03/2014

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Seeding step by step

Sowing completed


Photos and plants by Ferokat

7/03/2014

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Seeding step by step

Spraying seeds


Photos and plants by Ferokat

7/03/2014

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Seeding step by step

Enveloping vessel seeding


Photos and plants by Ferokat

8/03/2014

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Seeding step by step

Bag closing


Photos and plants by Ferokat

7/03/2014

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Seeding step by step

Placement of sowings in the propagator


Photos and plants by Ferokat

21/04/2014

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4 months seeding

Various photos of sowing ready for transplanting (x9 photos)


Photos and plants by Ferokat

21/04/2014

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4 months seeding

Transplanting completed


Photos and plants by Ferokat

21/04/2014

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4 months seeding

Transplanting completed


Photos and plants by Ferokat

21/04/2014

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4 months seeding

Transplanting completed


Photos and plants by Ferokat

21/04/2014

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4 months seeding

Transplanting completed


Photos and plants by Ferokat

21/04/2014

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4 months seeding

Transplanting completed


Photos and plants by Ferokat

21/04/2014

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4 months seeding

Transplanting completed


Photos and plants by Ferokat

21/04/2014

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4 months seeding

Transplanting completed


Photos and plants by Ferokat

21/04/2014

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4 months seeding

Transplanting completed


Photos and plants by Ferokat

21/04/2014

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4 months seeding

Transplanting completed


Photos and plants by Ferokat